Before prehistoric period, the Indian Ocean on the south of Cape Comorin was a land mass. It was called as ‘Kumari Kandam’. The river Fahruli ran on this land mass which was eight to ten times bigger than South India. Whereas river Saraswathi was an ancient river thought to have existed in the North-West India.
In 1189 A.D Muhammad of Ghori captured the fortress of Bhantida and advanced into the kingdom of Prithviraj Chauhan, the Rajput ruler. Prithviraj Chauhan with a large force won the battle and also recaptured Bhantida (First battle of Tarain 1191 A.D).
In 1192 A.D, in the Second battle of Tarain, Muhammad of Ghori defeated the combined forces of the Rajput rulers under Prithviraj Chauhan. Muhammad of Ghori appointed Qutb-ud-din Aibak as his commander. This was the start of Slave dynasty.
7. The followings are the Architectural styles of Pallava rulers except
Rock Cut temples introduced by Mahendravarman – I were excavated at places like Mahendravadi, Mammandur, Dalavanur, Thiruchirappali, Syamangalam, Thirukazhukundram, etc. The Monolithic Rathas and Mandapas were found at Mamallapuram. The Structural temples in the Rajasimha Style were found at Kailashnath temple at Kanchi, Shore temple at Mamallapuram.
Vihara is the name of Buddhist Monastry.
8. In the context of administration of Mughal Empire, match the following
A. Diwan-i-Wizarat – 1. Minister for Communication B. Diwan-i-Ariz – 2. Foreign Minister C. Diwan-i-Rasalat – 3. Revenue and Finance D.Diwan-i-Insha – 4. In Charge of Army
Choose the correct option
A B C D a. 3 4 2 1 b. 3 4 1 2 c. 1 3 4 2 d. 1 3 2 4
(Std 11 – The Spread of Indian Culture in Other Asian Countries)
Yasovarman and Suryavarman II were two well-known rulers of Kambhoja kingdom (Cambodia). Here Temples were built in South Indian style. There are plenty of Sanskrit inscriptions. The most famous of these temples was the temple (wat) of Vishnu built by Suryavarman II in his capital city Angkor. It was popularly called as the Angkorwat Temple. It is standing on top of a terraced structure. Each terrace is a sort of a covered gallery which contains numerous relief sculptures. The temple is constructed on the Dravidian style and the sculptures depict episodes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata
10. The 13th century Bakthi saint Ramanuja preached
In the twelfth century, Ramanuja, who was born at Sriperumbudur near modern Chennai, preached Visishtadvaita. According to him God is Sagunabrahman. The creative process and all the objects in creation are real but not illusory as was held by Sankaracharya. Therefore, God, soul, matter are real. But God is inner substance and the rest are his attributes. He also advocated prabattimarga or path of self-surrender to God.
In the thirteenth century, Madhava from Kannada region propagated Dvaita or dualism of Jivatma and Paramatma.
11. As a part of Swadeshi Movement in Tamil Nadu, V.O.Chidambaram Pillai launched the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company in the year
The Partition of Bengal in 1905 led to the beginning of Swadeshi Movement in all over India. The important leaders of Swadeshi movement in Tamil Nadu were V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, Subramania Siva and Subramania Bharathi. The Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company was started as an competition to the British India Steam Navigation Company in Tuticorin.
12. The Vaikom Satyagraha in Kerala was launched by
Two Home Rule Leagues were established, one by B.G. Tilak at Poona in April 1916 and the other by Mrs. Annie Besant at Madras in September 1916. The aim of the Movement was to get self government for India within the British Empire. It believed freedom was the natural right of all nations
19. Mahatma Gandhi was the editor of which of the following
a) Indian Opinion b) Harijan c) Young India d) All of the above
Congress launched the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. As a part of it, Gandhi led the Salt Satyagraha (Dandi march) in March 12, 1930. The British convened the First Round Table Conference in Nov 1930. No one from INC attended it and hence it was not successful.
Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed in March 1931 and hence Gandhi accepted the invitation of British to attend the Second Round Table Conference (Sep to Dec 1931).
Disappointed with the issue of Communal Award, Gandhi again started the Civil Disobedience Movement after returning from Second Round Table Conference (London). Hence no one from INC attended the Third Round Table Conference (Nov to Dec 1932)
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