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TNPSC Group 4 Model Question Paper with Detailed Answers – 1-2

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TNPSC Group 4 Model Question-1 Details:

No. of Questions : 100

Marks : 150

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51. First Green Rail Corridor was launched recently in Tamil Nadu between

a. Tiruchirappalli to Chennai

b. Nagercoil to Madurai

c. Coimbatore to Nilgiris

d. Rameshwaram to Manamadurai

d. Rameshwaram to Manamadurai

The nation’s first Green Rail Corridor, a 114-km long Rameswaram-Manamadurai stretch in Tamil Nadu which ensures zero toilet discharge on rail tracks was inaugurated in July, 2016. Trains in the section have been equipped with bio-toilets ensuring zero discharge of human waste on the rail tracks.


52. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution was

a. Amended only one time

b. Amended twice once in 1951 and another in 1976

c. Amended Thrice

d. Was not amended at all

a. Amended only one time

A preamble is an introductory and explanatory statement in a document that explains the document’s purpose and underlying philosophy. The Preamble of our constitution reads as follows:

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, have solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;


The words Socialist, Secular, and Integrity were not in the original constitution and have been inserted by 42nd amendment act 1976. Thus, the express declaration that India is a secular state came only with the 42nd amendment.

(Do read and keep in mind the exact preamble statement as it is directly asked in many exams.)


53. The 13th century Bakthi saint Ramanuja preached

a. Dvaita

b. Jivatma

c. Vishistadvaita

d. None of the above

c. Vishistadvaita

(Std 11 – Bakthi movements in Medieval India)

In the twelfth century, Ramanuja, who was born at Sriperumbudur near modern Chennai, preached Visishtadvaita. According to him God is Sagunabrahman. The creative process and all the objects in creation are real but not illusory as was held by Sankaracharya. Therefore, God, soul, matter are real. But God is inner substance and the rest are his attributes. He also advocated prabattimarga or path of self-surrender to God.

In the thirteenth century, Madhava from Kannada region propagated Dvaita or dualism of Jivatma and Paramatma.


54. The largest desert in the World is

a. Antarctica

b. Sahara

c. Gobi

d. Great Plain of North America

a. Antarctica

Desert can be a Hot desert or Cold desert. The largest hot desert is Sahara Desert. But Antarctica is a cold desert and it is larger than the Sahara. Gobi desert is located in the north of Indian Sub Continent in Asia.

55. A can do a piece of work in 20 days and B can do it in 15 days and c can finish it in 25 days, then how long will they take to complete the work?

a) 6(18/47) days

b) 12 days

c) 2(8/11) days

d) 47(6/18) days

a. 6(18/47) days

A’s 1 day work = 1 / 20

B’s 1 day work = 1 / 15

C’s 1 day work = 1 / 25

(A + B + c)’s 1 day work = (1 / A) + (1 / B) + (1 / C)

(A + B + c)’s 1 day work = (1 / 20) + (1 / 15) + (1 / 25)

LCM of 20, 15, 25 = 300

= (15 + 20 + 12) / 300

= 47 / 300

A, B, C together to complete the work in,

= 300 / 47

= 6 (18 / 47) days

Answer => 6 (18 / 47) days


56. A and B are married couple. X and Y are brothers. X is the brother of A. How is Y related to B?

a) Brother-in-Law

b) Brother

c) Son-in-law

d) Cousin

a. Brother-in-law


57. The Chera ruler who founded the famous Pattini cult was

a. Nedum Cheralathan

b. Kulashekara Varma

c. Rajashekara Varma

d. Cheran Senguttavan

d. Cheran Senguttavan

Pattini cult was related to worship of Goddess of Chastity Kannagi. Cheran Senguttuvan is said to have invaded the north and even crossed the Ganges.


58. The instrument used to measure the altitude of an object is

a. Ammeter

b. Altimeter

c. Anemometer

d. Audiometer

b. Altimeter

Altimeter is mostly used in aircrafts. Ammeter measures the strength of Electric current. Anemometer measures force and velocity of wind and its directions. Audiometer measures the intensity of Sound.


59. The Power of the High Court to issue Writs when Fundamental Rights of an citizen is curtailed is given under

a. Article 13

b. Article 32

c. Article 226

d. Article 326

c. Article 226

Article 13: Laws inconsistent or in derogation with fundamental right will be null and void. i.e, No law can be against the fundamental right of the citizen as given in the Constitution. Generally know as Judicial Review.

Article 32: Right of the citizen to move to the Supreme Court for issuing writs when his fundamental right is curtailed.

Article 326: Universal Adult Suffarage – All citizens are 18 years old can take part in the elections to the Parliament and State Assemblies.


60. Cellular Respiration in plants takes place as

a. Plant uses Oxygen and Produces Carbon dioxide

b. Plant uses Carbon dioxide and Produces Oxygen

c. Plant uses both Oxygen and Carbon dioxide and produces water

d. None of the above

a. Plant uses Oxygen and Produces Carbon dioxide.

It is very important to note that, Photosynthesis is different and Respiration is different. For the process of Photosynthesis, plants intake Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and uses it with water in presence of Sun Light and the products of Photosynthesis are Glucose, Water and Oxygen.

Normally Respiration denotes the movement of Oxygen into the body of organism (inhale) and release of Carbon dioxide.

Cellular Respiration is the process of reaction of Oxygen with Glucose in the cells of the organisms to produce Energy, Water and Carbon dioxide (this Carbon dioxide is released out).

Hence for respiration, the plants too need Oxygen. Usually, plants uses the Oxygen produced from Photosynthesis process for its respiration instead of getting from atmosphere. The excess Oxygen after using for respiration is given out to the atmosphere. This is generally said as Plants intake Carbon dioxide and gives out Oxygen.


61. The First session of the Indian National Congress was held at

a. Calcutta

b. Nagpur

c. Belgaum

d. Bombay

d. Bombay

(Std 10 – Freedom Movement in India Phase I)

The Indian National Congress was founded in the year 1885 under the advise of Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British Civil Servant. W.C.Bannerjee chaired the first session of Indian National Congress.

Mahatma Gandhi was the president of Indian National Congress at only one time at Belgaum in 1924.


Directions (Q.No. 62 – 64): The six winners – K, L, M, N, O and P – of a national science contest each won a college scholarship. The prizes for first through sixth place were $30,000, $25,000, $20,000, $15,000, $10,000, and $5,000. The following information concerning the winners was released:


O won the $20,000 prize.

K won less money than L did.

The difference between the winnings of M and P was $5,000.

The difference between the winnings of N and P was at least $10,000


62. Which of the following could be the ranking, from sixth place through first place, of the six students?

a. M, P, L, O, N, K

b. N, P, M, O, K, L

c. N, M, K, O, L, P

d. M, P, K, O, N, L

d. M, P, K, O, N, L


63. If K won $10,000, how much money in total did M and P win?

a. $15,000

b. $25,000

c. $35,000

d. $55,000

d. $55,000


64. If L won $25,000, which of the following must be true?

a. N won $30,000

b. K won $15,000

c. P won $15,000

d. M won $5,000

a. N won $30,000


65. If

(i) M is brother of N;
(ii) B is brother of N; and
(iii) M is brother of D,

then which of the following statements is definitely true?

a. N is brother of B
b. N is brother of D
c. M is brother of B
d. D is brother of M

c. M is brother of B


66. Consider ‘Thalophyta’ in the classification of Plant Kingdom

I. This is the largest group of the Plant Kingdom
II. The body of the plants in this group are not differentiated into root, stem and leaves.

Choose the correct statement

a. I only b. II Only
c. I and II d. None

c. I and II


67. The presiding officer of the Lok Sabha is Speaker. Likewise, the presiding officer (chairman) of the Rajya Sabha is

a) Speaker
b) Vice President
c) Attorney General
d) Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha

b. Vice President

Article 63: The Vice President of India
Article 64: The Vice President to be the ex-officio chairman of Council of States (Rajya Sabha).

Attorney General is the highest law officer to the Government to advice the government on legal matters. The Attorney General can attend either house of the parliament but cannot vote in the parliament as he is not an elected member as like MP.
The first women speaker of Lok Sabha is Smt.Meira Kumar


68. The First Five Year Plan period in India is

a) 1947 – 1952
b) 1950 – 1955
c) 1951 – 1956
d) 1955 – 1960

c. 1951 – 1956
The Planning Commission in India was proposed on the Soviet Model of Planning Commission. It was proposed in the year 1950 by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru and First Five Year Plan started in 1951 – 1960. Historically it is important to note that, the first leader to propose planning commission for Indian development before Independence is Netaji Subash Chandra Bose.


69. In Agricultural practices, the method of Irrigation in which the water is allowed to enter the field through channels made between the two rows of crops is known as

a) Basin Irrigation
b) Drip Irrigation
c) Sprinkler Irrigation
d) Furrow Irrigation

d. Furrow Irrigation
(Std 8 – Crop production and management)
The Furrow irrigation method is used in crops like Sugarcane, Banana, Paddy.


Furrow Irrigation

Basin irrigation: In this method the field is just filled with water. (e.g Paddy)
Sprinkler irrigation: This irrigation is used where the soil cannot retain water for a long time. Here the water is sprinkled by sprinklers. e.g. Lawn
Drip irrigation: In this irrigation the water falls drop by drop directly at the position of the roots, so it is called drip irrigation. It is the best method to save water. It helps to irrigate grapes, banana, brinjal, etc.


70. Nishu and Archana can do a piece of work in 10 days and Nishu alone can do it in 12 days. In how many days can Archana do it alone?

a) 60 days
b) 30 days
c) 50 days
d) 45 days

a. 60 days

(Nishu + Archana)’s 1 day work

(1 / A) + (1 / B) = (1 / 10)

Nishu’s 1 day work, (1 / A) = (1/ 12)

Archana’s 1 day work, (1 / B) = ?

( 1/ B) = (1 / 10) – (1/ 12)

LCM of 10, 12 = 120,

= (12 – 10) / 120

= 2 / 120

= 60 days

Archana alone can finish the work in => 60 days


71. The Symbol of SI Unit for “Amount of Substance” is

a) mol b. mole
c. molecular d. Cd

a. mol
Here the keyword is ‘Symbol’. The Symbol of SI Unit for Amount of Substance is mol whereas the SI Unit of Amount of Substance is mole.


72. What will come in the place of a question mark?

(a) 5
(b) 9
(c) 11
(d) 13


73. As a part of Swadeshi Movement in Tamil Nadu, V.O.Chidambaram Pillai launched the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company in the year

a) 1905 b. 1906
c. 1907 d. 1908

b. 1906

The Partition of Bengal in 1905 led to the beginning of Swadeshi Movement in all over India. The important leaders of Swadeshi movement in Tamil Nadu were V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, Subramania Siva and Subramania Bharathi. The Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company was started as an competition to the British India Steam Navigation Company in Tuticorin.


74. The Upper House of Indian Parliament

a) Have to be reconstituted every five years by fresh election
b) Will be dissolved by the President every five years
c) Will be dissolved by the Prime Minister every five years
d) Cannot be dissolved

d. Cannot be dissolved

The Indian Parliament consists of Lok Sabha (Lower House) and Rajya Sabha (Upper House). Members of both these houses are called as Member of Parliament (M.P).
Lok Sabha will automatically dissolve every 5 years (except in case of emergency) and fresh elections will be conducted. But Rajya Sabha is an permanent body. Members of the Rajya Sabha hold tenure for 6 years. But one third of its members retire at the expiration of every two years. The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

75. The Highest contribution to the Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product) at present is from

a) Primary Sector
b) Secondary Sector
c) Tertiary Sector
d) None of the above

c. Tertiary Sector
The Gross Domestic Product is the Total Value of finished Goods and Services within a Geographical area (say our country) in a particular period of time (say 2015 – 2016). Now, the Tertiary sector usually known as Service Sector contributes more to the GDP of India than the others.
Primary Sector – 10 – 13 %
Secondary Sector – 20 – 25 %
Tertiary Sector – 60 – 70 %
It is important to note that, reduction in primary sector and improvement in tertiary sector is said as good for developing economy. But in India, more population is dependent on Primary sector than the others because of more employment only in agriculture. With more population dependent and low output ruins the Agricultural people.


76. The World’s first White Tiger Safari has been opened for public in

a) Haryana
b) Bangalore
c) Sundarbans
d) Madhya Pradesh

d. Madhya Pradesh

World’s first White Tiger Safari was inaugurated at Mukundpur in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. The first of its kind safari is situated adjacent to the Mukundpur Zoological Park.


77. The point where the Earthquake waves first reaches in the surface of the Earth is known as

a) Hypocenter
b) Focus
c) Epicenter
d) None of the above

c. Epicenter

The point of origin of earthquake wave is known as Focus or Hypocenter.


78. The State Animal of Tamil Nadu is

a) Elephant
b) Gaur bull
c) Cow
d) Nilgiri Tahr

d. Nilgiri Tahr

(Std 9 – Tamil Nadu)

State bird: Emerald Dove
State Flower: Gloriosa Lily
State Tree: Palm Tree
State Emblem: Srivilliputtur Andal Temple Tower


79. Consider the following properties

I. Its main source is combustion of fuels
II. It reacts with hemoglobin in human blood and reduces the affinity of Oxygen with hemoglobin and this may lead to death.

Which Gas has the above properties?

a) Carbon monoxide
b) Carbon dioxide
c) Nitrogen oxides
d) Sulphur dioxide

a. Carbon monoxide

(Std 8 – Air, Water and Soil Pollution)

Carbon dioxide leads to Global warming. Nitrogen oxides from automobile exhaust cause acid rain. Sulphur dioxide causes irritation in the eyes, lung cancer and asthma.


80. The Constitution provides special status for the State of Jammu and Kashmir under

a) Article 250
b) Article 270
c) Article 350
d) Article 370

d. Article 370


81. Which of the following Planet in the Solar System is nicknamed as ‘Morning Star’?

a) Mercury
b) Venus
c) Earth
d) Mars

b. Venus

(Std 6 – The Earth and The Solar System)

Venus rises a few hours before sunrise and therefore nicknamed as ‘Morning Star’. The Venus is also known as Twin Planet of the Earth as it is similar in shape and size to the Earth.


82. The only surviving work of Second Sangam is

a) Tolkappiyam
b) Ettuthogai
c) Pattupattu
d) No works survived second Sangam as like first Sangam.

a. Tolkappiyam

The First Sangam was convened at Thenmadurai and no works have survived. The surviving works of Third Sangam were Ettuthogai, Pattupattu and Pathinenkizhkanakku noolgal.


83. The ‘Bose-Einstein condensate’ State of Matter (5th state of matter) will be as

a) Super heated gaseous
b) Normal heated gaseous
c) Super cooled solids
d) Normal cooled solids

c. Super cooled solids

(Std 7 – Matter in our surrounding)

The matter (particles) exists in 5 different states. The first three are Solid, Liquid and Gas. Fourth State of Matter ‘Plasma’ is a super heated gaseous State. Fifth State of Matter ‘Bose-Einstein condensate’ is a super cooled Solid.


84. According to Buoyant force, When object is immersed in a fluid (liquid or gas), it experiences an apparent loss of weight which is equal to the

a) Weight of the Object itself
b) Weight of the Fluid
c) Combined weight of the Object and Fluid
d) None of the above

b. Weight of the fluid

(Std 9 – Liquids)

The Buoyant force is also called as Archimedes’ principle as it was said by him. According to it, When a body is immersed in a fluid, (liquid or gas) it experiences an apparent loss of weight which is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. The reason for the apparent loss of weight we know is the buoyant force.


85. The GST includes

a) All Goods Tax only
b) All Service Tax only
c) Goods and Service Tax
d) Only Value Added Tax

c. Goods and Service Tax

86. Mahatma Gandhi was the editor of which of the following

a) Indian Opinion
b) Harijan
c) Young India
d) All of the above

d. All the above

Indian Opinion: 1903 – 15
Harijan : 1919 – 31
Young India: 1933 – 42
His literary works include Hind Swaraj (1909), My Experiments with Truth (1927).


87. The Strength of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is

a) 232
b) 234
c) 235
d) 236

c. 235

The Number of constituency for Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is 234. Whereas, the Strength of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly (total members of assembly) is one member of each constituency + nominated member for Anglo Indian community, therefore it is 234 + 1 = 235.

Total Distircts 32
Member of Rajya Sabha 18
Parliamentary Constituencies 39
(Position as of Oct. 2016)


88. What is MSP in terms of Agricultural economy?

a) Maximum Scheduled Price
b) Minimum Scheduled Price
c) Maximum Support Price
d) Minimum Support Price

d. Minimum Support Price

The Minimum Support Prices were announced by the Government of India for the first time in 1966-67 for Wheat in the wake of the Green Revolution and extended harvest, to save the farmers from depleting profits. Since then, the MSP regime has been expanded to many crops. Minimum Support Price is the price at which government purchases crops from the farmers, whatever may be the price for the crops. The MSP is announced by the Government of India for 25 crops currently at the beginning of each season viz. Rabi and Kharif.


89. The recently launched book “Citizen and Society” was authored by

a) Shri Narendra Modi
b) Shri Pranab Mukerji
c) Shri Rahul Gandhi
d) Shri Hamid Ansari

d. Shri Hamid Ansari.

Mohammad Hamid Ansari is the 12th and current Vice President of India, in office since 2007. Ansari is the only person to get re-elected for the post of Vice President of India after Dr. Radhakrishnan. He also presently serves as President of the Indian Institute of Public Administration and Chancellor of Punjab University, Chandigarh.


90. The present percentage of reservation for Women in the Local body elections in Tamil Nadu is

a) 30 %
b) 33 %
c) 50 %
d) 80 %

c. 50 %

The Constitution of India with the 73rd and 74th Amendment act of 1992 made it mandatory the holding of local body elections as Panchayat or Municipality. The Constitution initially gave 33% women reservation in the local body elections. 33% reservation is now enhanced to 50 % in many states and Tamil Nadu made it as 50 % from 2016 local body elections.


91. In Rio Olympics 2016, P V Sindhu got Silver medal for Badminton women singles. The Gold medal for the same game was secured by

a) Carolina Marin (Spain)
b) Nozomi Okuhara (Japan)
c) Jung Kyung-eun (South Korea)
d) Shin Seung-chan (South Korea)

a. Carolina Marin (Spain)

India in Rio Olymoics:
P. V. Sindhu – Silver – Badminton – Women’s singles
Sakshi Malik – Bronze – Wrestling – Women’s freestyle 58 kg

India upto 2016 has got 9 Gold medals, 7 Silver medals, 12 Bronze medals and hence totally 28 medals in summer Olympics.
The first women to win medal in Olympics from India is Karnam Malleswari (Bronze: 2000 Sydney: in Weightlifting)
Also among Gold medalists, 8 was won by the National Hockey team and the another one gold was won by Abhinav Bindra in 2008 Beijing in Men’s 10 m Air Rifle.


92. The highest peak of Tamil Nadu is

a) Doddabetta
b) Agastya mala
c) Anamudi (Anai mudi)
d) Mukurthi

a. Doddabetta

The Doddabetta, mukurthi, anamudi is located in the Western Ghats. Doddabetta is located in the Ooty hills. Anamudi is the highest peak of the western ghats but is located in Kerala state.


93. What number should come in the place of question mark?

(a) 18 (b) 33 (c) 135 (d) 145



94. In the context of administration of Mughal Empire, match the following

A. Diwan-i-Wizarat – 1. Minister for Communication
B. Diwan-i-Ariz – 2. Foreign Minister
C. Diwan-i-Rasalat – 3. Revenue and Finance
D.Diwan-i-Insha – 4. In Charge of Army

Choose the correct option

a. 3 4 2 1
b. 3 4 1 2
c. 1 3 4 2
d. 1 3 2 4

a. 3 4 2 1

(Std 11 – Mughal Empire)

These administrative setup was introduced by emperor Sher Shah sur and was followed by Mughal rulers and most effectively by Akbar.


95. The Home Rule League was established at Madras by Annie Besant in

a) June 1916
b) September 1916
c) June 1917
d) September 1917

b. September 1916

(Std 12 – Indian National Movement Phase II)

Two Home Rule Leagues were established, one by B.G. Tilak at Poona in April 1916 and the other by Mrs. Annie Besant at Madras in September 1916. The aim of the Movement was to get self government for India within the British Empire. It believed freedom was the natural right of all nations

96. The Number of Spokes in the Asoka Chakra wheel of Indian Flag is

a) 20
b) 22
c) 24
d) 26

c. 24

Our national flag is horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. Its ratio of the length to its breadth is 3:2. Saffron colour at the top denotes courage and sacrifice. The White in the middle denotes truth and Navy Blue Chakra in the middle induces us to move forward along the path of Dharma, to bring peace and prosperity to the nation.


97. The minimum age required for a person (citizen) to be appointed as the President of India is

a) Must have completed 25 years of age
b) Must have completed 30 years of age
c) Must have completed 35 years of age
d) Must have completed 40 years of age

c. Must have completed 35 years of age.

(Std 9 – The Union Government)

Member of Lok Sabha – Not less than 25 years of age.
Member of Rajya Sabha – Not less than 30 years of age.
Vice president – Not less than 35 years of age.


98. The Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters (Chevalier de L’Ordre Arts et Lettres) award by the French Government was honoured recently to which tamil actor?

a) Rajinikanth
b) Kamal Haasan
c) Dhanush
d) Madhavan

b. Kamal Haasan

Other Indians who have been conferred the Chevalier Order include veteran musician Balamuralikrishna, and actors like Sivaji Ganesan, Amitabh Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Nandita Das and Shah Rukh Khan.


99. The Indo-Greek ruler Menander was converted to Buddhism by

a) Badrabahu
b) Nagasena
c) Amogavarsha
d) Vasumitra

b. Nagasena

Badrabahu was the Jaina saint who was followed by the Mauryan ruler Chandragupta Maurya. Amogavarsha and Vasumitra were patrons in the court of Kanishka.


100. The President of the Constituent Assembly which is forming the constitution of India is

a) Dr.Rajendra Prasad
b) Dr.B.R.Ambedhar
c) Jwaharlal Nehru
d) Dr.K.M.Munshi

a. Dr.Rajendra Prasad

Dr.Rajendra Prasad was the President of Constituent Assembly and the First President of Independent India. Dr.B.R.Ambedhar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee which is drafting the constitution as discussed in the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly had other committees also.


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