www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs October 02, 2017 (02/10/2017)
Topic : International Events
Spain hit by constitutional crisis
Referendum on independence for Catalonia was recently held.
Catalan officials have claimed that preliminary results of its referendum have shown 90% in favour of independence in the vote strictly opposed by Spain.
The referendum, declared illegal by Spain’s central government, has thrown the country into its worst constitutional crisis in decades and deepened a centuries-old rift between Madrid and Barcelona.
The ballot will have no legal status as it has been blocked by Spain’s Constitutional Court and Madrid for being at odds with the 1978 constitution.
Why does the referendum matter?
Catalonia, an area in northeastern Spain of 7.5 million people, accounts for 15% of Spain’s population and 20% of its economic output.
About 1.6 million people live in Barcelona, Catalonia’s capital, which is a major tourist destination.
The latest referendum was the region’s second referendum on independence in three years.
The previous ballot, a non-binding vote in November 2014, returned an 80% result in favour of an independent Catalan state.
However, less than half of the 5.4 million eligible voters participated.
Demand for independence:
Catalonia has a distinct history, culture and language.
First referenced in the 12th century, a defined region of Catalonia had existed for more than 250 years before it joined Spain during the country’s formation in the 16th Century.
Topic : General Administration, Profile of States, Welfare Oriented Schemes and their utilities
Five more States declared Open Defecation Free
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced that five more States viz., Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Haryana have reached the milestone of making all cities and towns Open Defecation Free.
The target of building about 66 lakh individual household toilets in urban areas, 38 lakh toilets have already been built and construction of another 14 lakh toilets is in progress in these areas.
The mission target is to build five lakh toilet seats.
Topic : Places in News, General Administration, Latest Diary of Events
Madurai’s Meenakshi Temple named best ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ in India
The Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple of Madurai was awarded the best ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ (Cleanest Iconic Place), in India.
Meenakshi Temple has been honoured with this award for the swift cleaning process carried out. The complete cleaning process is to be completed by March 2018.
Topic : Latest Diary of Events
World Habitat Day – October 2
On 2nd October 2017, World Habitat Day was observed all over the world. The theme for World Habitat Day 2017 is ‘Housing Policies: Affordable Homes’.
This day is celebrated to reflect on the state of our towns and cities, and to emphasize the basic right of all to receive adequate shelter.
In 1985, the United Nations declared the first Monday of every October as World Habitat Day. World Habitat Day was first celebrated in 1986.
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