www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs November 27, 2017 (27/11/2017)
Topic : Sports & Medals, Persons in News
Gopi Thonakal won gold in Asian Marathon Championship
Gopi Thonakal became the first Indian man to win Asian Marathon Championship after he won gold in the 16th edition of the Asian Marathon Championship, in Dongguan, China.
Gopi Thonakal has become the first Indian man to win the title after the formation of separate Asian Marathon championships.
Topic : Latest Historical Events, General Administration
National Law Day
November 26 is regarded as the second Constitution Day in the modern history of India.
It is also celebrated as the National Law Day. This year, the National Law Day was celebrated jointly by the Law Commission of India and NITI Aayog.
Why November 26th?
Sixty-eight years ago on November 26, the Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituency Assembly.
However, the Constitution was only partially adopted that day.
The full adoption came two months later on January 26, 1950 – the day is celebrated as the Republic Day to mark the anniversary of occasion.
It was in 1979, when the first proposal was mooted to celebrate November 26 as an anniversary of the adoption of Constitution and assess the state of law in the country as envisaged by the framers of the legal document.
Noted jurist and former parliamentarian LM Singhvi proposed to in the Supreme Court Bar Association that National Law Day should be celebrated to mark the adoption of Constitution on November 26.
A resolution was passed by the Supreme Court Bar Association in 1979.
The National Law Day was celebrated thereafter till 2015.
Constitution Day or National Law Day?
The government in October 2015 decided that November 26 would be celebrated as the Constitution Day in the memory of Dr BR Ambedkar.
On November 19 that year, the government issued a gazette notification declaring that November 26 as the Constitution Day.
Topic : Latest historical Events, Persons in News
National Milk Day
November 26 was observed as National Milk Day across the country to mark the birth anniversary of Father of the White Revolution Dr. Verghese Kurien.
The idea of observing National Milk Day was first mooted by Indian Dairy Association in 2014 on the lines of World Milk Day observed on June 1 under the aegis of UN Food and Agriculture Organization.
About Verghese Kurien:
Verghese Kurien had dedicated his entire life for a cooperative movement which boosted the production of milk in India.
Dr Kurien was an Indian social entrepreneur known as the ‘Father of the White Revolution’ for launching Operation flood — the world’s largest agricultural development programme.
Known as the ‘milkman of India’, Dr Kurien was the founder-Chairman of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) from 1965 to 1998, Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (GCMMF) from 1973 to 2006 and the Institute of Rural Management (IRMA) from 1979 to 2006, which are owned and managed by farmers and run by professionals.
Topic : Latest Diary of Events, New inventions on Health & Science
World’s smallest data recorder made of bacteria
The researchers at the Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) in the U.S. have modified an ordinary laboratory strain of the ubiquitous human gut microbe Escherichia coli into the world’s smallest data recorder.
Researchers have converted this natural bacterial immune system enabling the bacteria to not only record their interactions with the environment but also time-stamp the events.
How was it created?
Researchers created the microscopic data recorder by taking advantage of CRISPR-Cas, an immune system in many species of bacteria.
CRISPR-Cas copies snippets of DNA from invading viruses so that subsequent generations of bacteria can repel these pathogens more effectively.
As a result, the CRISPR locus of the bacterial genome accumulates a chronological record of the bacterial viruses that it and its ancestors have survived.
When those same viruses try to infect again, the CRISPR-Cas system can recognise and eliminate them.
This discovery has formed the groundwork for a new class of technologies that use bacterial cells for everything from disease diagnosis to environmental monitoring.
Such bacteria, swallowed by a patient, might be able to record the changes they experience through the whole digestive tract, yielding an unprecedented view of previously inaccessible phenomena.
Other applications could include environmental sensing and basic studies in ecology and microbiology, where bacteria could monitor otherwise invisible changes without disrupting their surroundings.
What is CRISPR?
CRISPR technology is a simple yet powerful tool for editing genomes. It allows researchers to easily alter DNA sequences and modify gene function.
Its many potential applications include correcting genetic defects, treating and preventing the spread of diseases and improving crops.
However, its promise also raises ethical concerns.
Topic : Latest Diary of Events, New inventions on Health & Science
World’s first Artificial Intelligence politician developed
Scientists have developed the world’s first artificial intelligence politician, called SAM.
The virtual politician, called SAM, was created by Nick Gerritsen, a 49-year-old entrepreneur in New Zealand.
SAM can answer a person’s queries regarding local issues such as policies around housing, education and immigration.
The AI politician is constantly learning to respond to people through Facebook Messenger as well as a survey on its homepage.
Topic : Sports & Medals
Indian men’s and women’s teams win 2017 Asian Kabaddi Championship
The Indian men’s and women’s kabaddi teams were both won the champions of Asia at the 2017 Asian Kabaddi Championship, in Gorgan, Iran. In the men’s finals, India beat Pakistan and won the title. The Indian women’s team beat South Korea in their final.
Topic : World News, Persons in News
Miss Universe 2017
Miss South Africa Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters was crowned Miss Universe 2017 at the AXIS theater at Planet Hollywood casino-resort on the Las Vegas Strip.
Nel-Peters was born in Sedgefield, South Africa. She recently earned her degree in business management. She wants to use her reign to create awareness about HIV/AIDS and self-defense causes.
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