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TNPSC Current Affairs November 23, 2017

www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs November 23, 2017 (23/11/2017)

 

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Topic : General Administration, Latest diary of Events

15th Finance Commission

The Union Cabinet has approved the setting up of the 15thFinance Commission.

Under Article 280 (1) of the Constitution, it is a Constitutional obligation.

The Terms of Reference for the 15th Finance Commission will be notified in due course of time.

About the Finance Commission:

It is a body set up under Article 280 of the Constitution.

Its primary job is to recommend measures and methods on how revenues need to be distributed between the Centre and states.

Constitutional provisions:

Article 280(1) of the Constitution lays down that a Finance Commission (FC) should be constituted within two years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year or at such earlier time as the President considers necessary.

In keeping with this requirement, the practice has generally been to set up next Finance Commission within five years of the date of setting up of the previous Finance Commission.

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Topic : International Current affairs, India’s Foreign Policy

2018 as International Year of Millets

India has sent a proposal to United Nations for declaring the year 2018 as ‘International Year of Millets’.

The proposal, if agreed, will raise awareness about millets among consumers, policy makers, industry and R&D sector.

Popularizing millets would benefit future generations of farmers as well as consumers.

What are Millets?

Millet is a common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termed nutri-cereals or dryland-cereals, and includes sorghum, pearl millet, ragi, small millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet and other millets.

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Topic : Places in News, Latest Diary of Events

Chilika Lake

Recently, lakhs of migratory birds reached the Chilika Lake, Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon.

Migratory birds fly across continents from Caspian Sea, Baikal Lake and remote parts of Russia, Mongolia and Siberia and flock to the marshy lands of the Nalabana Bird Sanctuary inside the Chilika Lake, which is spread across over 1000 sq. km.

About Chilika Lagoon:

It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world after The New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia.

It is the largest wintering ground for migratory waterfowl found anywhere on the Indian sub-continent.

Chilika Lagoon lies in the districts of Puri, Khurda and Ganjam of Odisha State along the eastern coast of India.

It is well connected to the Chennai and Kolkata through National Highway No 5, and the Chennai Kolkata rail line passes along the western bank of the Lagoon Balugaon, with Balugaon, Chilika and Rambha being the main stations along the Western shoreline of the lagoon.

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events, Reports and Summits

Latin America is World’s most violent region for Women: United Nations

As per a report presented by UN Women and the UN Development Programme (UNDP), Latin America and the Caribbean is the most violent region in the world for women.

Key features:

This region also has the highest rate of sexual violence against women outside of relationships.

The report outlined that 24 of the 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have laws against domestic violence, but only 9 of them have laws to punish other forms of violence against women in public or private.

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Topic : Persons in News, Indian Navy, National and Defense News

Shubhangi Swaroop – The first female pilot in Indian Navy

Indian Navy inducted its first-ever woman pilot, Shubhangi Swaroop.

Key facts:

The first batch of female officers passed out from the Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala on 22nd November 2017.

Shubhangi Swaroop, a native of Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, has become the first woman pilot in the Navy.

Three other women cadets, Astha Segal from New Delhi, Roopa A. from Puducherry and Sakthi Maya S. from Kerala, also became the country’s first women officers at NAI (Naval Armament Inspectorate), branch of the Navy.

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