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TNPSC Current Affairs August 19, 2017

www.tnpsc.academy TNPSC Current Affairs August 19, 2017 (19/08/2017)

 

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events

World Honey Bee Day

To create awareness about Beekeeping and uses of its products including Honey, Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) is celebrating World Honey Bee Day (WHBD) on August 19 across the Country.

The main theme of celebrating WHBD is to save Indian honey bee.

Benefits of beekeeping:

Beekeeping has been useful in pollination of crops, thereby, increasing income of the farmers/beekeepers by way of increasing crop yield and providing honey and other beehive products, viz. royal jelly, bee pollen, propolis, bees wax, etc. that serves a source of livelihood for rural poor.

Therefore, honeybees/ beekeeping has been recognised as one of the important inputs for sustainable development of agriculture/ horticulture.

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Topic : New inventions on Science and Health, Latest Diary of Events

Artificial womb raises hope for premature babies

An artificial womb has been successfully used to incubate healthy baby lambs for a period of one week.

This leads to raises hope to this technology will one day be able to do the same for extremely premature babies.

Key facts:

Researchers have shown that preterm lambs were successfully maintained in a healthy, infection-free condition with significant growth, for a period of one week using ex-vivo uterine environment (EVE) therapy.

What is the artificial womb made up of? 

The artificial womb is a high-tech amniotic fluid bath combined with an artificial placenta.

How it works?

EVE (Ex-vivo uterine environment) therapy allows for oxygenation of the extremely preterm infant using the umbilical vasculature, and is not dependent on the highly immature fetal lung.

Briefly, the infant is connected to a parallelised circuit comprised of artificial veins and arteries that supply blood to two membranous oxygenation devices, and submerged in a carefully controlled bath of artificial amniotic fluid.

The membranous oxygenators allow gas exchange (removal of CO2 and addition of oxygen) before the blood returns via the circuit to the fetus.

Nutrients and other medications are delivered directly to the fetus, which is under round-the-clock monitoring.

Therefore, EVF therapy can be an effective treatment strategy for extremely preterm infants born at the border of viability (22-23 weeks).

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Topic : Appointments, Persons in News, India & its Neighbour Countries

Sri Lanka’s First Tamil Navy Chief

Admiral Travis Sinniah was appointed as the chief of Sri Lanka’s naval forces.

Admiral Sinniah is the first from the Tamil community to head the Navy since the outbreak of the civil war in the north and east of the island in 1972.

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Topic : Appointments, Persons in News

Mamta Suri appointed as Executive Director of IBBI

On August 16, 2017 Dr. (Ms.) Mamta Suri appointed as Executive Director of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) in New Delhi.

Dr. Suri was serving as Chief General Manager, Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India.

She has also received honorary membership for High Scholastic Achievement from USA.

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events

World Humanitarian Day – 19th August 2017

World Humanitarian Day (WHD) was observed globally on 19th August 2017.

Key facts:

The day is marked every year to pay tribute to help workers who risk their lives in humanitarian service and also to rally support for people who are affected by crisis around the world.

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