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Voices – Grammar

Voice - General English Grammar

VOICES

 

It describes the relationship between the action that verb expresses and the participants such as subject, object.

Eg: He wrote a letter                                                                                 

  The letter was written by him

 

Voice is of two forms,

Active voice &

              Passive Voice

 

Active Voice: In Active voice, the subject performs the action expressed by the verb.

Eg. I cooked the food

 

Passive Voice: In Passive Voice, when the subject of the sentence is acted on by the verb

Eg. The food is cooked by me.

 

Rules In changing Active Voices to Passive Voices:

 

1. The object of the verb in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice.

Eg: Active Voice: Sita is drawing a flower.

Passive Voice: A flower is drawn by Sita.

 

2.The subject of the verb in the active voice is expressed as, à by + agent in the passive voice.

Eg: Active Voice: Sita is drawing a flower.

Passive Voice: A flower is drawn by Sita.

 

3.The verb in the active voice is changed to an appropriate auxiliary + past participle form of the verb.

Eg: Active Voice: Sita is drawing a flower.

Passive Voice: A flower is drawn by Sita.

4. If the subject or object in a sentence in the active voice is a pronoun, it changes its form as shown in the below table.

Active Voice

(Subject form)

Passive Voice

(Object form)

I

We

He

She

They

You

It

me

us

him

her

them

you

it


5.
Sentences begins with ‘let’: ‘Let’ won’t change in passive form also.

Eg: Active Voice: Let him buy his dress.

Passive voice: Let his dress be bought by him?

 

6.For commands:

Eg: Active Voice: Close the door

Passive Voice: Let the door be closed.

 

7.The Auxiliary + root form of the verb changes into -> The Auxiliary + be + past participle form of the verb.

Eg: Active Voice: May God bless you with immense health.

Passive Voice: May you be blessed with immense health

 

8.The form of the verb is changed in accordance with the tense.

Tense in the Active FormTense in the Passive Form
Simple present

Present Continuous

Simple past

Past continuous

Present perfect

Past perfect

Simple Future

Future perfect

Present perfect continuous

Past perfect continuous

Future continuous

Future perfect continuous

‘be’ verb + past participle

‘be’ verb + being + past participle

Past form of ‘be’ verb + past participle

Past form of ‘be’ verb + being + past participle

have + been + past participle

had + been + past participle

shall/will + be + past participle

will + have + past participle

No passive form

No passive form

No passive form

No passive form

9.Interrogative Sentence into passive:

While changing passive form, the interrogative form of active voice won’t get changed.

Interrogative form of Active voiceInterrogative form of passive voice
Do, does, did

Eg: Did you eat the bananas?

 

have, has

Eg: Have you cleaned the room?

 

 Who, what, which

Eg:When did you complete your work?

is, are, was, were.

Were the bananas eaten by you?

 

has/have + been + past participle of the verb.

Have the room been cleaned by you?

 

The question word is retained and a preposition ‘by’ is used usually.

When was the work completed by you.

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