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Sentence Pattern – Grammar

Sentence Pattern - General English Grammar

Sentence Pattern

 

Subject: The person who does the action in the sentence

 

Verb: The word that indicates an action done by the subject or expresses a state of being or show possession

 

Complement: The word or phrase which completes the meaning is called a complement. It is of two kind as ‘subject complement’ and ‘object complement’.

 

Object: The word which receives the action from the subject is the object of the sentence.

 

Direct object: In a sentence, the object which answers for the question ‘what’ is called direct object.

 

Indirect object: In a sentence, the object which answers for the question ‘to whom’ is called indirect object.

 

Adjunct: Adjunct is a word or group of words which provides answers to the questions ‘How’, ’Why’, ’When’ or ‘Where’

 

Important Sentence pattern:

SV (Subject + Verb)

SVO (Subject + Verb + Object)

SV IO DO (Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object)

SVC (Subject + Verb + Complement)

SVOC (Subject + Verb + Object + Complement)

Examples:

SV

SV
He

Arun

She

Birds

It

She

slept

was laughed

has been working

fly

was raining

is dancing

 

SVO

SVO
They

She

He

Brutus

We

played

sings

missed

stabbed

enjoyed

Cricket

a song

the bus

Caesar

the film

 

SV IO DO

SVIODO
He

My father

She

My mother

gave

gifted

taught

told

her

me

me

us

a pen

a watch

French

story

 

SVC

SVC
She

Brutus

Ayesha

He

The rose

is

is

is

was

looks

my friend

an honourable man

a doctor

excited

beautiful

 

SVOC

SVOC
They

 

It

His parents

He

They

elected

 

will make

named

painted

appointed

her

 

you

her

the car

him

the class

teacher

crazy

Jaya

Blue

the principal

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