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GERUND, PARTICIPLE & INFINITIVE

Gerund, Participle & Infinitive - General English Grammar

GERUND, PARTICIPLE & INFINITIVE

 

Gerund: A noun formed from verb by adding ‘ing’

              Eg: Swimming is good for health

Here, the term swimming framed as noun by add ‘ing’ to the verb swim

 

Participle: It is partly a verb and partly an adjective. It is a verbal adjective.

The participleare formed by adding ‘ing’, ‘ed’, ‘en’ to verbs.

              Eg: The wounded soldiers were               taken home.

 

Infinitive: It is used as noun to function as a subject or object in sentences. It formed when ‘to’ comes before a verb. 

It is formed by adding ‘to + verb’ for.

              Eg: He wanted to buy a car.

 

Note: After model auxiliaries like, shall, will, should, would, may, might, must , can, could, We can use infinitive without ‘to’.

Eg: With ‘to’ : He knows how to sing.

   Without ‘to’ : He can sing.

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