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TNPSC Current Affairs November 20, 2020

TNPSC Current Affairs November 20, 2020

www.tnpsc.academy TNPSC Current Affairs November 20, 2020 (20/11/2020)

Topic: International Events

India-Luxembourg Virtual Summit

Recently, the Prime Ministers of India and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg have held the first-ever India-Luxembourg Virtual Summit. Both countries have cordial and friendly relations for over more than seven decades since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1948.

Key facts:

Strengthening India-Luxembourg relationship in the post-Covid-19 world, especially in the areas of financial technology, green financing, space applications, digital innovations and start-ups.

New Initiatives:

India welcomed Luxembourg’s announcement to join the International Solar Alliance (ISA), and also invited it to join the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).

Agreements Signed at the Summit:

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India International Exchange (India INX) and Luxembourg Stock Exchange.

MoU between State Bank of India (SBI) and Luxembourg Stock Exchange.

Both these provide for cooperation in financial services, industry maintenance of orderly markets in securities, ESG (environmental, social and governance) and green finance in the local market.

MoU between Invest India and Luxinnovation. It provides for support and development of mutual business cooperation, including promotion and facilitation of inbound FDI, coming from or proposed by Indian and Luxembourgish investors.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

Supercomputer Param Siddhi

India’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) supercomputer Param Siddhi ranked 63rd among top 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.

Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems. A distributed system is a system whose components are located on different networked computers, which communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages to one another. The components interact with one another in order to achieve a common goal.

In a non-distributed (or co-located) system, all the parts of the system are in the same physical location. In a distributed system, parts of the system exist in separate locations.

Key facts:

Param Siddhi is a High Performance Computing-Artificial Intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer developed by Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing.

Notably, PARAM Siddhi – AI isn’t the only Indian supercomputer in the Top100 list. Pratyush that is used for weather forecasting was ranked 78th in the list.

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Topic: Awards and Honours

Lilavati Award-2020

Recently, the Union Minister of Education virtually launched the Lilavati Award-2020.

Key facts:

The award has been named after the 12th century book called “Lilavati”. The book was written by the mathematician Bhaskara II. Lilavati was the daughter of Indian Mathematician Bhaskara II.

It is AICTE’s (All India Council for Technical Education) Innovative education program to empower women.

All the stakeholders (especially the girl students) in AICTE approved institutions would get an opportunity to present a solution to the prevalent issues of gender discrimination, such as illiteracy, unemployment, economic and nutritional disparities, maternal mortality, human rights, etc.

Theme: “Women Empowerment”.

Objective: To create awareness about issues like sanitation, hygiene, health, nutrition, literacy, employment, technology, credit, marketing, innovation, skill development, natural resources and rights among women.

Areas Covered: Women’s health, self defense, sanitation, literacy, entrepreneurship and legal awareness.

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Topic: Discovery of Rare Species

Willow Warbler

Recently, Willow Warbler has been sighted for the first time in India at Vellayani-Punchakkari paddy fields, Kerala.

These paddy fields are a birding hotspot on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram and are known to harbour more than 213 species of birds that include both resident and migratory ones.

Scientific Name: Phylloscopus trochilus.

Habitat: They breeds throughout northern and temperate Europe and the Palearctic. Palearctic ecozone is one the Earth’s 8 ecozones and covers Asia north of the Himalayas, with parts of western Asia and most of East Asia and Africa north of the Sahara.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

World Fisheries Day: November 21

Every year, the World Fisheries Day is celebrated on November 21.

Why is it important to celebrate World Fisheries Day?

According to the United Nations, more than two-thirds of the world fisheries are overfished. Therefore, it is important to celebrate the day to create awareness about sustainable fishing.

What is the theme of the World Fisheries Day?

The World Fisheries Day is to be celebrated under the theme of “Social Responsibility in the fisheries value chain”.

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Topic: India and its Foreign Relations

Indo-Thai CORPAT

The 30th Indo-Thai CORPAT is being held between Indian Navy and Royal Thai Navy from November 18, 2020 to November 20, 2020. INS Karmuk, HTMS Kraburi along with the Dornier maritime aircraft are to participate in the CORPAT.

The countries have been holding CORPAT along the International Maritime Boundary Line twice a year since 2005.

Significance:

CORPAT builds up interoperability between the participating navies. It facilitates the reduction of Illegal Unreported Unregulated fishing, maritime terrorism, drug trafficking, piracy and armed robbery. It also enhances operational synergy.

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Topic: Awards and Honours

Booker Prize 2020 won by Douglas Stuart

The Booker Prize of the year 2020 was won by Douglas Stuart for his debut novel “Shuggie Bain”.

About Booker Prize:

The Booker Prize is a literary prize awarded annually for the best novel. The prize is awarded to novels written in English and published in Ireland or UK. It was formerly known as “Booker-McConnell Prize” (1969-2001) and Man Booker Prize (2002-2019). In 1997, Arundati Roy of India won the Booker Prize for her Novel “The God of Small Things”.

The Booker Prize carries 50,000 pounds of cash money.

Douglas Stuart: who won the 2020 Booker Prize was the only British author on the US-dominated shortlist. Douglas was born in Glasgow.

 

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