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TNPSC Current Affairs May 23, 2018

www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs May 23, 2018 (23/05/2018)

 

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Topic : General Administration, Constitution of India, Profile of States, Latest Diary of Events

Model Contract Farming Act, 2018

The government has released the Model Agriculture Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018.

It is drafted as a promotional and facilitative act and not regulatory in its structure.

Background:

With a view to integrate farmers with bulk purchasers including exporters, agro- industries etc. for better price realization through mitigation of market and price risks to the farmers and ensuring smooth agro raw material supply to the agro industries, Union Finance Minister in the budget for 2017-18 announced preparation of a “Model Contract Farming Act” and circulation of the same to the States for its adoption.

What is Contract farming?

The concept of Contract Farming (CF) refers to a system of farming, in which bulk purchasers including agro-processing/exporting or trading units enter into a contract with farmer(s), to purchase a specified quantity of any agricultural commodity at a pre-agreed price.

Contract farming in India:

Although varied forms of contract farming existed in pockets in the country, the formal contract farming is not, however, wide spread in India. By and large, cultivation of commercial crops like cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, tea, coffee, rubber and dairy have had some elements of informal contract farming for a long time.

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events

International Day for Biological Diversity 2018

Every year May 22 is observed as The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase awareness on various biodiversity issues such as habitat destruction, marine pollution and climate change.

The theme for 2018 is “Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity.”

Historical background:

It was first observed in 1993 by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly.

In 2000, May 22 was chosen as the International Day for Biological Diversity to commemorate the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Key facts:

The objectives of halting biodiversity loss and promoting the sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems are included in Sustainable Development Goal Nº15.

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events, Profile of States, General Administration

Black Panther

It is a new specialised anti-Naxal combat for Chhattisgarh.

It is on the lines of the Greyhounds unit. The Greyhounds is a special force in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh that specialises in anti-insurgency operations against Naxals and Maoists.

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Topic : New Appointments, Persons in News

Mahender Singh Kanyal appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Republic of Suriname

Shri Mahender Singh Kanyal, presently Director at Headquarters, has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Republic of Suriname.

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Topic : New Appointments, Persons in News

Pradeep Kumar Gupta – Ambassador of India to the lslamic Republic of Mauritania

Shri Pradeep Kumar Gupta, presently Ambassador of lndia to Republic of Mali, has been concurrently accredited as the Ambassador of lndia to the lslamic Republic of Mauritania with residence in Bamako (Mali).

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events, Profile of States

Industrialist Bansidhar Panda passes away

Renowned industrialist and founder of Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys Ltd (IMFA) Bansidhar Panda passed away.

Mr. Panda was instrumental in setting up industries that contributed to Odisha’s development in a big way.

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Topic : Latest Diary of Events, New Inventions on Science and Health

Solar system’s first interstellar immigrant discovered

Scientists have discovered the first known permanent immigrant to the solar system — an asteroid, nestling in Jupiter’s orbit, that migrated from another star system.

All the planets in the solar system travel around the Sun. But this asteroid, named (514107) 2015 BZ509, moves in the opposite direction, referred to as ‘retrograde’ orbit.

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