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TNPSC Current Affairs December 18, 2019

www.tnpsc.academy TNPSC Current Affairs Dec 18, 2019 (18/12/2019)

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Topic: Public Awareness and General Administration, Latest Diary of Events

Gender gap index

Global Gender Gap Report 2020 has been released by the World Economic Forum.

About Global gender gap report:

It is published annually by the world economic forum since 2006.

Global gender gap index is a part of this which measures gender equality across four pillars– they are economic opportunity, political empowerment, educational attainment and health and survival.

Significance:

The Report aims to serve “as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics”. Through this annual yardstick, the Report says, “stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context”.

Performance of India:

India has been ranked 112th among 153 countries this year. In 2018, it ranked 108. Iceland, Norway, and Finland occupy the top three spots.

Challenges and concerns for India:

India has closed two-thirds of its overall gender gap (score of 66.8%). However, the condition of women in large fringes of India’s society is precarious.

It has lost four positions since the previous edition, despite a small score improvement, as some countries ranked lower than India have improved more.

The economic gender gap runs particularly deep in India. Only one-third of the gap has been bridged. Since 2006, the gap has gotten significantly wider. Among the 153 countries studied, India is the only country where the economic gender gap is larger than the political gender gap.

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Topic: Mass Communication, Latest Diary of Events

What is StrandHogg that affects Android OS?

The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sent an alert to all States warning them about the vulnerability of Android operating system to a bug called ‘StrandHogg’, which allows real-time malware applications to pose as genuine applications and are able to access user data of all kind.

The information was shared by Threat Analytical Unit, Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (ICCCC) so as to take steps to create awareness among public on vulnerability of Android to ‘StrandHogg’.

About StrandHog :

While all versions of Android (including Android 10) are vulnerable to this bug, but it may not be apparent to affected users that malware applications are already on board their device.

How does it affect?

This malware can then potentially listen to users conversations, make calls, record conversations, access photo album, read or send messages, as well as get login credentials to various accounts. Such malware can also access private images, files, contact details, call logs, and location information.

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Topic: Welfare Oriented Govt., Schemes and their Utilities, Public Awareness and General Administration

AMRUT mission

Unable to meet set targets for urban renewal in 500 cities, the Centre has decided to extend the mission period of its flagship initiative Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) by two more years.

About AMRUT mission:

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is the new avatar of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).

But, in a significant departure from the earlier mission, the Centre will not appraise individual projects.

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Topic: Awards and Honours, Persons in News, Latest Diary of Events

CBI officer B. P. Raju wins India Cyber Cop of the Year 2019 award

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) officer B P Raju was awarded the ‘India Cyber Cop of the Year 2019’ during the Annual Information Security Summit held at Gurgaon, Haryana. He won the award for investigating and cracking a fraud case in an online entrance exam conducted by an engineering college in Rajasthan.

Key facts:

The award was conferred by NASSCOM-DSCI (Data Security Council of India).

The investigation team headed by B P Raju, arrested 9 accused persons and collected incriminating evidence from digital devices, which revealed modus operandi adapted by accused and the investigation was also completed within the stipulated time period.

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Topic: Awards and Honours

ICC Annual Awards – Ellyse Perry Wins Rachael Heyhoe-Flint Award

The International Cricket Council (ICC) announced the Australian all-rounder Ellyse Perry as the winner of Rachael Heyhoe-Flint Award for ICC Women’s Cricketer of the Year. The 29-year-old has also been named as ICC Women’s ODI Player of Year.

About Ellyse Perry:

The Australian star Ellyse Perry won Rachael Heyhoe-Flint Award for the 2nd time in three years. She became the first-ever winner of the award in 2017. She has been the standout performer in 2019 across formats, with three hundreds, including one in Ashes Test.

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Topic: Geographical Landmarks, Persons in News

International Astronomical Union names a star after Indian Woman Scientist

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) named a white yellow star in Sextans Constellation as “Bhibha” and its planet as “Santamasa”.

Key facts:

The star has been named as Bhibha honoring Indian Woman Scientist Bhibha Choudhury who discovered subatomic particle pi-meson. Bhibha means a bright beam of light in Bengali.

The name Santamasa in Sanskrit means clouded. The name is appropriate as the planet’s atmosphere is clouded.

The IAU that celebrated its 100th birth anniversary on July 28, 2019, allowed every country to give a famous name to selected pair of exoplanet and its host star.

Bhibha star:

Bhibha is an ageing star that is 6.2 billion years old and Santamsa is its only planet. The mass of the planet is expected to be 1.5 times as that of Jupiter and is very hot. Santamasa completed its revolution around its star in just about 2.1375 days.

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Topic: Awards and Honours, Persons in News, Latest Diary of Events

Sahitya Akademi Award 2019

Sahitya Akademi announced its annual Sahitya Akademi Awards in 23 languages.

About Sahitya Akademi Award:

It is a literary honour that is conferred annually on Indian writers for their outstanding works of literary merit. It was established in 1954.

The award consists of a casket containing an engraved copper-plaque (designed by film-maker Satyajit Ray), a shawl and cheque of Rs.1 Lakh.

Key facts:

Sashi Tharoor, the former external affairs minister has won the award for his book “An Era of Darkness”.

The other awardees include Chinmoy Guha, a Bengali Professor who has won for his essay “Ghumer Darja Thele”, tamil writer Dharman for his novel “Sool”. The awards are to be presented on February 25, 2020. The winners will be honored with a copper plaque and prize money of Rs 1 lakh.

About Cho Dharman:

Cho Dharman is an Indian Tamil writer. He was born in Kovilpatti Taluk in Tuticorin district of Tamil Nadu.

The real name is S. Dharmaraj. Cho Dharman’s novel Koogai, a stunning account of Tamil lives in post-independence India, was translated into English as The Owl. Cho, has authored nine books, won several awards and much critical acclaim for his novels, non-fiction and short stories.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

The International Migrants Day December 18

The International Migrants Day is observed by the United Nations since 1990 in order to protect the rights of the migrants. The day was adopted after the organization passed a resolution at the International Convention on the Protection of the rights of all migrant workers. According to the UN, one-seventh of the world population which is 1 billion are migrants.

This year’s International Migrants Day theme is Theme: “Social Cohesion, Celebrating the integration of migrants into communities around the world”.

 

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