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TNPSC Current Affairs December 05, 2019

www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs Dec 05, 2019 (05/12/2019)

 

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Topic: Public Awareness and General Administration, Latest Diary of Events

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana

In line with the provisions of National Policy for Farmers (NPF) (2007), the Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a programme exclusively for women farmers namely, Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP).

Funding support to the tune of up to 60% (90% for North Eastern States) for such projects is provided by the Government of India.

About Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana:

It is a sub component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM). It seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower her.

MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.

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Topic: New Inventions on Science and Health, Latest Diary of Events

Rotavirus

Vice- President has launched the new rotavirus vaccine – ROTAVAC5D. The vaccine has been designed and developed by Bharat Biotech.

About Rotavirus:

It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the Reoviridae family. Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe diarrhoea and death among children less than five years of age. It is responsible for around 10% of total child mortality every year.

Transmission:

Rotavirus is transmitted by the faecal-oral route, via contact with contaminated hands, surfaces and objects, and possibly by the respiratory route. Viral diarrhea is highly contagious.

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Topic: Profile of States, Latest Diary of Events

Punjab to create land banks in rural areas

With an aim to create land banks in rural areas to boost industrial development, the Punjab Cabinet has given in-principle approval to amend the law for transfer of common village land in rural areas to the state’s industry department.

Implications:

The amendment will facilitate gram panchayats to promote development of villages by unlocking the value of ‘Shamlat’ or village common land.

The new rule would pave the way for transfer of ‘Shamlat’ land for industrial projects to the industry department and state-owned Punjab Small Industries & Export Corporation (PSIEC).

What is Shamlat land?

It is one that does not come under habitation and cultivation and is considered as consolidated land holdings for common use.

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Topic: Reports and Summits, Latest Diary of Events

“Top 100 City Destination” ranking

Released by Euromonitor International, a UK-based global market research company. The Euromonitor report highlights top 100 cities based on 2018 international arrivals. Arrivals encompasses all purposes of visit such as business, leisure and visiting friends and relatives.

Key facts:

India has emerged as the strongest emerging destination with seven cities in the top 100 popular cities this year. Delhi is forecast to be hold the 8th place in 2019.

Despite political unrest and protests in the last few months, Hong Kong remained No.1 destination this year. However, the number of vistors arriving to Hong Kong declined in 2019.

Asia posted fastest growth in the number of international arrivals globally.

Developed infrastructure, government’s focus on tourism and digitisation of travel facilities like e-visa are some of the reasons behind Asian countries’ popularity among global tourists.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

International Day of Persons with Disabilities

It is observed every year on December 3 to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development.

Key facts:

It also seeks to increase awareness of situation of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life. 2019 Theme: Promoting the participation of persons with disabilities and their leadership: taking action on the 2030 Development Agenda.

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Topic: International Diary of Events

Bougainville and nationhood

Where is Bougainville? It is an island in the Pacific.

Why in news? It is holding a referendum to decide if it wants to remain a part of Papua New Guinea or become an independent country.

How does a territory become a new country?

There is no straightforward rule. A region’s quest for nationhood mainly depends on how many countries and international organisations it manages to convince to recognise it as a country. The biggest sanction of nationhood is the United Nations recognising a territory as a country.

Why UN recognition matters?

With UN recognition, a new country has access to the World Bank, the IMF, etc. Its currency is recognised, which allows it to trade.

There is protection against parent country’s aggression, and international trade.

And as per 1933’s Montevideo Convention, a region wanting to become independent should meet 4 criteria:

A country-hopeful must have a defined territory, people, government, and the ability to form relationships with other countries.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

World Soil Day

World Soil Day is celebrated every year on 5th of December by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations.

Aim: To communicate messages on importance of soil quality for food security, healthy ecosystems and human well-being. Theme 2019: ‘Stop Soil Erosion, Save Our Future’.

Why December 5 was chosen?

It corresponds with the official birthday of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand, who officially sanctioned the event.

 

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