www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs April 17, 2019 (17/04/2019)
Topic: Awareness in Space, Latest Diary of Events
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) programme
The Union Cabinet has approved the ongoing Phase 4 of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) programme.
The total fund requirement for the GSLV Continuation Programme is Rs 2729.13 crores including the cost of five GSLV vehicles, essential facility augmentation, programme management and launch campaign.
The programme and its significance:
The GSLV Programme – Phase 4 will enable the launch of 2 tonne class of satellites for Geo-imaging, Navigation, Data Relay Communication and Space Sciences into the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
Under the GSLV Continuation Programme, five GSLV flights have been planned during the period 2021-2024.
The GSLV Continuation Programme – Phase 4 will meet the launch requirement of satellites for providing critical Satellite Navigation Services and Data Relay Communication for supporting the Indian Human spaceflight programme ‘Gaganyaan’ and the next interplanetary mission to Mars.
It will help sustain the self-reliance in the launching of similar satellites for national requirements including next generation navigation satellites, data relay communication satellites and interplanetary missions.
Topic :Profile of States, Latest Diary of Events
Why in News? The Delhi High Court has sought the response from the Cabinet Committee on Security on a plea seeking directions to remove the dual control of Assam Rifles and bring it under the Ministry of Defence.
Assam Rifles which is also referred to as the Sentinels of North East is the oldest paramilitary force of India.
The administrative control of Assam Rifles lies with the Home Ministry, while the operational control is with the Defence Ministry.
What’s the issue now?
A plea filed in the court alleges the dual control as the violation of the rights of the troopers of Assam Rifles. The plea challenges the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 saying that it places Assam Rifles under the head ‘Police’, which is arbitrary, unreasonable and violates the rights of Assam Rifles ex-servicemen guaranteed under Article 14 of the Constitution.
Topic: Awareness in Space, Latest Terminologies, Latest Diary of Events
NASA’s Kepler Space telescope
NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, TESS, has discovered its first Earth-sized exoplanet. The planet, named HD 21749c, is the smallest world outside our solar system that TESS has identified yet.
The new planet orbits the star HD 21749 — a very nearby star, just 52 light years from Earth. The star also hosts a second planet — HD 21749b — a warm “sub-Neptune” with a longer, 36-day orbit.
While this is the first Earth-sized planet discovered by TESS, other Earth-sized exoplanets have been discovered in the past, mainly by NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, a since-retired telescope that monitored more than 530,000 stars.
In the end, the Kepler mission detected 2,662 planets, many of which were Earth-sized, and a handful of those were deemed to be within their star’s habitable zone — where a balance of conditions could be suitable for hosting life.
Topic: Latest Diary of Events
World Haemophilia Day
April 17 is World Haemophilia Day.
What is it?
Haemophilia is a medical condition, mostly inherited, in which the ability of blood to clot is severely reduced, so that even a minor injury can cause severe bleeding.
Why men are more vulnerable?
Because of the genetics involved in the way the sex of a child is determined, men are more vulnerable to haemophilia than women.
It is a rare disorder worldwide — one type, called Haemophilia A, occurs in about 1 in 5,000 births, while Haemophilia B is even rarer at about 1 in about 20,000 births. A vast number of cases, however, are believed to go unreported, particularly in India.
According to the World Federation of Haemophilia’s Annual Global Survey 2017, released in October 2018, there were over 1.96 lakh persons living with haemophilia across the world in 2017. In the country-wise data, India emerges with the highest count at nearly 19,000.
Treatments for haemophilia:
There’s no cure for haemophilia, but treatment usually allows a person with the condition to enjoy a good quality of life. Genetically engineered clotting factor medicines are used to prevent and treat prolonged bleeding. These medicines are given as an injection.
In milder cases, injections are usually only given in response to prolonged bleeding. More severe cases are treated with regular injections to prevent bleeding.
Topic: New inventions on Science and Technology, Latest Diary of Events
World’s first 3D printed vascularised engineered heart
Researchers from Tel Aviv University, Israel have made world’s first 3D printed vascularised engineered heart.
Researchers managed to produce an entire heart, complete with cells, blood vessels, ventricles and chambers. It was made using a patient’s own tissues and biological materials.
Cardiovascular disease is the world’s leading cause of death, according to the World Health Organization, and transplants are currently the only option available for patients in the worst cases. But the number of donors is limited and many die while waiting.
When they do benefit, they can fall victim to their bodies rejecting the transplant — a problem the researchers are seeking to overcome. Using the patient’s own tissue could eliminate the risk of an implant provoking an immune response and being rejected.
Topic: Environment and Ecology, Latest Diary of Events
Great Indian Bustards (GIB)
Why in News? There are 150 Great Indian Bustards (GIB) in Rajasthan’s Desert National Park (DNP), as per a survey. The bird is a critically endangered species listed in the International Union for conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List.
It is also found in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972 and in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES.
It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Project Great Indian Bustard — state of Rajasthan — identifying and fencing off bustard breeding grounds in existing protected areas as well as provide secure breeding enclosures in areas outside protected areas.
Protected areas: Desert National Park Sanctuary — Rajasthan, Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary – Andhra Pradesh and Karera Wildlife Sanctuary– Madhya Pradesh.
Topic: Indian Army, Defense and anti-Terrorism Activities
IN – VPN BILAT EX
The Indian Navy held the 2nd edition of the bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Vietnam Peoples’ Navy, (IN – VPN BILAT EX) at Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam during 13th to 16th April, 2019.
The exercise was undertaken as a part of the ongoing Overseas Deployment of Eastern Fleet ships to South East Asian countries.
Topic: Indian Army, Defense and anti-Terrorism Activities
The Australian and Indian Navy have concluded a two-week long bilateral maritime exercise code-named AUSINDEX on 14 Apr 19. Personnel from the Eastern Fleet bid farewell to Her Majesty’s Australian Ships Canberra, Newcastle, Paramatta and Success with a promise to meet again.