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www.tnpsc.academy – TNPSC Current Affairs April 02, 2019

www.tnpsc.academy TNPSC Current Affairs April 02, 2019 (02/04/2019)

 

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Topic: India’s Foreign Policy, International Diary of Events

India gains access to Bolivian Lithium Reserves

India and Bolivia have signed an agreement for the development and industrial use of lithium, a prime component used to power electric vehicles and cell phones.

Key facts:

India and Bolivia agreed to forge a mutually beneficial partnership to facilitate Bolivian supplies of lithium Carbonate to India and foster joint ventures for lithium battery/cell production plants in India.

This agreement will make Bolivia, which is known to have one-fourth of the world’s lithium reserves, one of the major provider of metal for India’s e-mobility and e-storage needs.

Significance of the agreement:

Bolivia is estimated to hold over 60% of the world’s reserves for lithium but has not yet started producing it commercially.

India is the second largest manufacturer of mobile phones in the world and has the ambitious goal of 30 per cent electric vehicles by 2030. But India imports all its lithium-ion batteries since India has no known sources of lithium, and zero lithium-ion battery manufacturing capabilities currently.

As a result, India is heavily dependent on China, Taiwan and Japan for import, especially of batteries required for portable electronics.

With this agreement, number of Indian companies setting up production capabilities in Bolivia goes up, as well as the import of lithium to India.

 

Topic: Profile of States, General Administration, Latest Diary of Events

Kandhamal Haldi

Odisha’s Kandhamal Haldi (turmeric), famous for its healing properties, has received GI tag.

Key facts:

The golden yellow spice, named after the district where it is produced, has been cultivated since time immemorial and is known for its medicinal value.

Turmeric is the main cash crop of tribal people in Kandhamal. Apart from domestic use, turmeric is also used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes.

More than 60,000 families (nearly 50% of Kandhamal population) are engaged in growing the variety. The crop is sustainable in adverse climatic conditions.

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Topic: India’s Foreign Policy, Latest Diary of Events

AUSINDEX 19

The Third edition of India-Australia bilateral exercise, AUSINDEX 19 will be held from 2nd April to 16th April 2019 at Vishakhapatnam. The bilateral exercise will deepen defence and strategic relationship between the two countries.

Topic: International Diary of Events

Japan has unveiled its New Imperial Era name called “Reiwa”

Following the 1400 years old tradition, Japan’s government has unveiled an New Imperial Era named “Reiwa” or “pursuing harmony” for soon-to-be Emperor Naruhito.  The new era to begin on May 1 will succeed the “Heisei” era (1989-2019) of Emperor Akihito.

Key Facts:

The term for the new era consists two characters Rei and Wa. Rei means “commands” or “order” and Wa means “auspicious” or “good”. The names change occurs when a new emperor takes the throne.

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Topic: Latest Diary of Events

World Autism Awareness Day – April 2

World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD) is observed annually on April 2 to raise awareness about people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), globally. The theme for 2019 was “Assistive Technologies, Active Participation”.

Autism is a variable developmental disorder that appears by age three and is characterized by lack of the ability to communicate with others and to form normal social relationships.

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